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Some gardeners grow bush garlic on the site. The term is confusing: the family (multi-bud) onion is known. When planting with sets, it gives from 7 to 9 onions in a nest. When planted with a prong or one-pronged garlic, it gives a single full-fledged onion. But gardeners say: a plant of this kind exists.
Often, a pretty bush grows from a head forgotten in the fall on the bed in the spring. Young leaves are used as an early seasoning. But some gardeners leave the plant before harvesting. The result is a few small garlic heads.
Gardeners consider the cultivation of bush garlic to be justified. They are willing to put up with a small size to save space. The taste and pungency of this unusual plant does not differ from its counterpart.
Description of the variety
Any type of plant can be planted with heads. Some gardeners pass on special garlic from hand to hand. When grown in a nest, larger heads are obtained. But the name of the plant is not disclosed. Most likely, this is an ordinary zoned variety that is planted in this way. When placed in separate prongs, a typical head is obtained.
Planting a winter plant is successful. After the snow melts, clumps of green arrows sprout from the ground. Gardeners undermine them from the edges and diversify the dacha menu.
A spring vegetable is also planted whole. This saves space on the beds. Garlic tops grow tighter and coarser. But the underground part is better preserved.
Winter garlic with heads must be planted 10-15 days before the onset of the first frost. For the middle lane, this is the end of September or the first decade of October. The teeth should have time to take root, but not produce green seedlings. So the plant will winter comfortably.
To get a good harvest, you should adhere to simple rules:
- The plant is not afraid of frost, but it gets wet easily. The gardener needs to choose a place that is not flooded with spring water.
- Mice eagerly eat heads of garlic without food. It is recommended to protect the ridges from below and from the sides with a fine mesh.
- In regions with cold winters, cover the winter plantings with white non-woven fabric. It needs to be removed after the snow melts.
Spring garlic is planted with heads as soon as the ground thaws. When planting, add the full mineral complex (nitrogen: potassium: phosphorus). If it is absent, use ash (glass per square meter).
Caring for garlic that is planted with whole heads is no different from caring for a regular vegetable. Recommended:
- comply with the landing dates;
- choose well-drained, moisture and air permeable soils;
- loosen several times per season (at least 2-3 times);
- apply the mineral complex at least once (when landing);
- break out arrows (they weaken the underground part of the plant).
Care should be taken when choosing a landing site. The best neighbors are strawberries and fruit trees. You should not place the beds after onions, garlic, bulbous flowers.
Garlic heads do not like excess organic matter: only mature compost or humus should be applied in moderation... Pour a bucket per square meter under the digging. The ridges are fertilized 5 days before planting.
Advantages and disadvantages
The whole garlic cultivation has its supporters and opponents. The first point out:
- saving space;
- identity of taste with an ordinary plant;
- benefit of neighboring crops from regular loosening and fertilization.
Opponents talk about small bulbs and difficulties with harvesting. During ripening, you have to dig in a bush from the edges and choose small bulbs. With moderate consumption of the spice plant, you can always make some planting space.
Pests and diseases
The plant is easily affected by rot and mold during excessive watering or in rainy summers. The introduction of immature organic matter contributes to disease. Avoiding diseases and growing a good harvest will allow competent planting and care.
Garlic planted whole is damaged by an onion fly. She lays eggs at the top of the plant. To prevent crop loss, it is recommended to adhere to the rules for the circulation of vegetables.
The years of the pest should be tracked. In case of large-scale lesions, it is required to use insecticides.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting should be done after the tops turn yellow. For digging, it is recommended to choose dry, preferably sunny, weather. Using a forks will reduce head damage.
Shake the dug out garlic from the ground and leave for 2 hours in the sun. This operation will disinfect the heads. Then spread the crop under a canopy or in a shed in a thin layer (about 5 cm) to dry the tops. Withstand 2 weeks.
Then cut off the roots at the bottom (leave 2-3 cm). Shorten the tops to 15–17 cm. Place in a basket or box with air holes. Store the crop in a dark place at room temperature.
Reviews of gardeners
Gardeners share their impressions of growing plants with heads. A summer resident from the Moscow region says: “A neighbor shared her seed. We have been growing a vegetable using this method for several years. We are very satisfied: space is saved (we place the plants under the apple tree), the heads grow medium-sized, but sharp and fragrant. They do not freeze in winter (when planted in autumn).
It is a little difficult to undermine the plant during the growing season to remove the extreme heads. But the advantages are obvious: when planting, there is no need to fiddle and divide by teeth - time is saved. "